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Araceae   
Dieffenbachia
 
sp.
dumb cane, Mother in low plant Dieffenbachie, Giftaron, Schweigohr, Stummblume สาวน้อยประแป้ง   - (phonetic) -   sao noi prapeng
South America

Dieffenbachia was named by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott, the Director of the Botanical Gardens in Vienna, to honor his head gardener Joseph Dieffenbach (1796–1863).

Dieffenbachia is a mostly upright herbaceous and perennial plant. Because of its decorative leaves this plant is very popular. The plant can grow up to 2 m (depending on the genus) has a thick fleshy stem where the leaves are on long stalks settled.

The oblong leaves are green and have a very distinct color drawing. They have white spotted, cream or green edged marbled patterns - depending on the variety. There are a lot of varieties that are offered commercially in the markets.

Diffenbachia is one of the most easy-care plants. They do very well with a bright shade or half day sun without midday sun, constantly moist, but not wet soil. If the location is too dark, they do not develop the beautiful leaf pattern.

The older plant loses the leaves on the lower trunk, which makes them a bit bare looking. Either one accepts the way or you can rejuvenate the plant simply by cutting the stems back. From in the soil remaining stem pushes out a new sprout. The head cutting and the chopped stem can be planted again.

Dieffenbachia also thrives well as a houseplant, because they can tolerate lower light conditions.

The common name, "dumb cane" refers to the poisoning effect of raphides.

In the 17th Century the plant was used as a means of torture. Especially slaves in India had chew parts of the plant, which she caused by swelling of the mucous membranes and the tongue could not speak for a day.

All plant parts contain calcium oxalate crystals, and for people like animals (for example, domestic cats that like to chew on houseplants) poisonous.

Propagation: very easily from head cuttings or stem cuttings. The cuttings can be planted directly in place or put they  for rooting in a glass of water. Or dividing the plant.

 

 

 

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